The validity of this tool is not based on elicitation of a perfect accounting of a person’s lifetime history of brain injury. Instead, this provides a means to estimate the likelihood that consequences have resulted from one’s lifetime exposure to brain injury.
About Brain Injury
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
An Acquired Brain Injury (or ABI) is the umbrella or encompassing terms for an event that results in damage to the brain anytime after birth. Often, it can cause temporary or permanent changes to the brain's connections resulting in different physical, cognitive, or behavioral functions. Brain injuries are not primarily related to a degenerative disease or aging process such as in dementias or mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
Non-traumatic brain injuries
Non-traumatic Brain Injuries are not less "traumatic" but are labeled so because the resulting changes are caused my an internal effect (lack of oxygen or disruption of brain cells). These are injuries to the brain caused by stroke, strangulation, nonfatal overdoses, infection, anoxia, vascular lesions (abnormalities of the skin and underlying tissues), or tumor of the brain.
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI)
Traumatic Brain Injuries, also called TBIs, may be penetrating or non-penetrating - meaning the skull may or may not be broken. They occur from external or outside forces causing trauma to the brain to such as from a bump, blow, jolt, blast, or hit to the body. TBIs are classified as mild, moderate, or severe depending on the injury event. Concussions are a mild type of TBI.